Annual report 2014

RU Go to Lenenergo

Financial results

Indicators for 2012 and 2013 are given herein according to the annual accounting statements for 2014 including retrospective data.

Financial review

Dynamics of key financials, RUB mln
Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2014 / 2013, %
Revenue from products (services), including: 36,273 39,902 44,722 12.1
from electric power transmission 28,816 33,207 36,261 9.2
from technological connections 7,282 6,515 8,249 26.6
from other activities 175 180 212 17.8
Cost of products (services) — 32,830 — 36,429 — 39,257 7.8
Gross profit 3,443 3,473 5,466 57.4
Interest receivable 296 644 1,345 108.9
Interest payable — 1,788 — 2,217 — 2,766 24.8
Income from participation in other organizations 1 1 1 0.0
Other income, total 1,924 3,529 3,623 2.7
Other expenses, total — 1,914 — 3,985 — 16,461 313.1
Profit (loss) before tax 1,962 1,444 — 8,793 -
Profit tax and other payments — 920 — 1,019 826 -
Net profit (loss) 1,042 425 — 7,968 -
EBITDA is calculated as: EBITDA = Net profit + Profit tax + Depreciation + Interest payable — Interest receivable + Provision for impairment of debt investments.EBITDA 9,733 11,279 10,207 — 9.5

Dynamics of key financials

Financial result in 2014

Formation of net profit 2014

Formation of net profit 2014

Revenue from products (services) in 2014 increased by RUB 4,820 mln, or 12.1% y-o-y to RUB 44,722 mln. The increase was due to the growth of all components: revenue from electricity transmission, revenue from technological connection and revenue from other activities.

Cost increased by RUB 2,827 mln, or 7.8% y-o-y to RUB 39,257 mln.

Thus, gross profit for the reporting period grew by RUB 1,993 mln compared to 2013 to RUB 5,466 mln.

Profit before tax dropped by RUB 10,238 mln compared to 2013 totaling RUB 8,793 mln.

By the end of 2014 net loss of the Company amounted to RUB 7,968 mln (i.e. financial result was RUB 8,393 mln below the level of 2013). The decrease in net profit in 2014 was mainly due to the growth of negative balance of other income and expenses, resulting from creation of provision for impairment of investments in connection with the problems of Bank Tavrichesky, increase of expenses on creation of provision for disagreements with third-party grid organizations and reflection of losses for lost cases involving disagreements with third-party grid organizations.

Structure of income

Formation of revenue, RUB mln
Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2014 / 2013, %
RUB mln % RUB mln % RUB mln %
Sales revenue 36,273 100.0 39,902 100.0 44,722 100.0 12.1
Electricity transmission 28,816 79.4 33,207 83.2 36,261 81.1 9.2
Technological connections 7,282 20.1 6,515 16.3 8,249 18.4 26.6
Other products (services) of core activities 175 0.5 180 0.5 212 0.5 17.8

Dynamics of sales revenue, RUB mln

Dynamics of sales revenue

In 2014, sales revenue increased by RUB 4,820 mln, or 12.1% y-o-y to RUB 44,722 mln.

Income from electricity transmission services account for a major share in the revenue structure of Lenenergo. At year-end, this type of revenue accounted for 81.1%, or RUB 36,261 mln (up by 9.2% y-o-y). In absolute terms, the increase totaled RUB 3,054 mln due to the growth in average tariff by 12.7% (increase in revenue by RUB 4,171 mln) under declined volumes of electricity transmission by 933.2 mln kWh, or 3.2% (decrease in revenue by RUB 1,073 mln).

Income from technological connection services in 2014 increased by 26.6% y-o-y to RUB 8,249 mln and accounted for 18.4% of total revenue of the Company. The increase was due to the presence in the structure of revenue in 2014 of the contracts with major applicants.

Other income generated RUB 212 mln for the Company, accounting for 0.5% of total revenue (up by 17.6% y-o-y).

Structure of expenses

Cost formation
Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2014 / 2013, %
RUB mln % RUB mln % RUB mln %
The cost structure includes administrative and commercial expenses.Cost of products (services) 32,830 100.0 36,429 100.0 39,257 100.0 7.8
Depreciation of fixed assets and intangible assets 6,278 19.1 8,261 22.7 8,972 22.9 8.6
Purchased electricity to compensate for losses 4,754 14.5 5,415 14.9 5,829 14.8 7.6
FGC UES services 6,119 18.6 6,715 18.4 6,566 16.7 — 2.2
Services of distribution grid companies 8,029 24.5 7,774 21.3 9,166 23.3 17.9
Raw materials 463 1.4 497 1.4 515 1.3 3.6
Production services 1,208 3.7 1,454 4.0 1,341 3.4 — 7.8
Personnel expenses 2,790 8.5 3,154 8.7 3,384 8.6 7.3
Taxes and fees 135 0.4 500 1.4 745 1.9 49.0
Other expenses 3,054 9.3 2,659 7.3 2,739 7.0 3.0

Structure of expenses in 2014, %

Structure of expenses in 2014

Expenses for purchased electricity to compensate for losses in 2014 amounted to RUB 5,829 mln, accounting for 14.8% of total expenses. In absolute terms, the growth amounted to RUB 414 mln, or 7.6 % y-o-y, and was the result of increased losses by 73 mln kWh, or 2.1% y-o-y (growth of costs by RUB 122 mln) and the increased unregulated tariff for purchase of losses by 5.4% due to the growth of the actual ATS price (growth of costs by RUB 292 mln).

Expenses for FGC UES services amounted to RUB 6,566 mln, or 16.7% of total expenses. The decline compared to 2013 in absolute terms totaled RUB 149 mln and was mainly due to the reduction of customer contract demand by 363 MW, or 9.3% y-o-y as a result of leaving of a number of the so-called “last mile” consumers and the rising cost of loading losses by RUB 50 mln, or 6.1% y-o-y at a simultaneous growth of tariffs for UNEG networks maintenance and payment of losses in UNEG networks.

Expenses for electricity transmission services of third-party grid organizations in 2014 amounted to RUB 9,166 mln, or 23.3% of total expenses. The growth of expenses totaled RUB 1,392 mln compared to 2013. The increase was due to the indexation of individual tariffs from the second half of 2014.

Personnel expenses in 2014 amounted to RUB 3,384 mln, accounting for 8.6% of total expenses, up by 7.3% y-o-y due to the growth of payroll linked to the indexation of salaries resulting from execution of obligations of the employer under the Branch tariff agreement, actions for motivation of the personnel of key positions and professions, and changes in the legislation on payment of remuneration to the staff engaged in work with harmful working conditions.

Depreciation of fixed assets and intangible assets was up by RUB 711 mln compared to 2013 due to the increased book value of assets as a result of execution of the investment program on commissioning of fixed assets.

Cost reduction program

Devised and run in 2014, the cost management program of Lenenergo which includes a complex of organizational and technical measures aims to improve the Company’s performance, namely: measures to increase revenue, improving logistics through tender procedures, optimization of the production program, implementation of the program of decrease in electricity losses, decrease in general expenses, decrease in the cost of credit resources, and optimization of investment activities.

The result of implementation of measures aimed to reduce operating costs and to generate additional income in 2014 amounted to RUB 1,350 mln. The result of implementation of measures aimed to reduce financial costs totaled RUB 76 mln. The result of implementation of measures aimed to cut costs in the field of technical re-equipment, reconstruction and new construction in 2014 amounted to RUB 1,260 mln.

Execution of the cost management program in 2014
Measures to increase revenue 497
Improving logistics through carrying out tender procedures 306
Implementation of the program of decrease in electricity losses 468
Decrease in general expenses 81
Decrease in the cost of credit resources 76
Optimization of investment activities 1,260
Total 2,686

Breakdown of the cost managment program executed in 2014, %

Breakdown of the cost managment program executed in 2014
Decrease in the cost of service per unit of electrical equipment in 2014 compared to 2012
Reduced fixed expenses (prices of 2012), RUB thousand 6,016,518
Quantity of c.u. 538,215
Reduced fixed expenses counting per 1 c.u. (excluding inflation factors) 11.18
Decrease in expenses counting per 1 c.u. from the level of 2012, % — 9.12 %
Target 5.00 %

Under the development strategy of the grid complex of Russia, the Company should achieve the target indicator of decrease in operating expenses by at least 15% by 2017, considering the level of inflation in 2012 counting per unit of electrical equipment service. The business plan for 2014-2018 was developed under condition of advancing rate of achievement of target indicators.


In 2014, EBITDA characterizing cash flow generated by the Company before taxes and interest, decreased by RUB 1,072 mln, or 9.5% y-o-y to RUB 10,207 mln. Its decline was due to the increase in negative balance of other income and expenses without interest payable and interest receivable, and expenses on creation of provision for impairment of investments (by RUB 3,776 mln) primarily as a result of negative balance on provisions for other contingent liabilities.

The grounds for exclusion of expenses on creation of provision for impairment of investments were that the accrual of provision did not entail any diversion of funds, did not require any sources of funding, and thus formed “paper” losses of the Company. The source of compensation of the losses received in 2014 as a result of impairment of investments placed in Bank Tavrichesky will be recovered annually for 20 years.

However, the growth of revenue by 12.1% y-o-y, or RUB 4,820 mln exceeded the growth of cost net of depreciation accounting for 7.5% y-o-y, or RUB 2,116 mln. As a result, gross profit before depreciation (profit generated as a difference of revenue and cost, net of depreciation) increased to a lesser extent compared to the increase in the negative balance of other income and expenses without interest payable and interest receivable, and totaled RUB 2,704 mln, or 23.0% y-o-y.

Formation of EBITDA in 2014, RUB mln

EBITDA change bridge, RUB mln

Balance sheet

This section was formed on the basis of the balance sheets as at 31 December 2012, 2013 and 2014 (as part of the audited annual accounting statements of Lenenergo for 2014 based on retrospective).

Balance sheet total (i.e. the sum of the assets in the Company’s possession) at the end of 2014 amounted to RUB 164,769 mln. In comparison with the balance sheet as at 31 December 2013 the amount of the Company’s assets and sources of their formation increased by RUB 16,650 mln, or 11.2% y-o-y.

Since Lenenergo is an enterprise related to capital-intensive industry, the structure of its liabilities under the balance sheet is characterized by a great volume of borrowings, and the assets structure is dominated by non-current assets.

At the end of 2014 the balance sheet was characterized by the following features:

  • high share of non-current assets for 88.7% of balance sheet total;
  • prevalence in the structure of current assets of the sum of receivables for 67.5% of working capital and 7.6% of balance sheet total, however cash and short-term investments in aggregate account for 22.% of current assets and 2.6% of balance sheet total;
  • significant amount of borrowings (long-term and short-term credits and loans) for 30.2% of balance sheet total and 53.3% of total liabilities;
  • significant share in the structure of sources for assets formation of equity capital and long-term liabilities (43.4% and 33.5% of balance sheet total, respectively) generated mainly due to the long-term borrowings.
Indicators of the balance sheet, RUB mln
Indicator Line code (Order # 66n) Fact as at 31 December 2013, RUB mln Share in balance sheet total, % Fact as at 31 December 2014, RUB mln Share in balance sheet total, % 2014 / 2013, change
RUB mln % Share in balance sheet total, p.p.
Intangible assets 1110 105 0.1 214 0.1 109 103.6 0.0
R&D results 1120 83 0.1 14 — 69 — 82.9
Property and equipment, including: 1150 124,823 84.3 139,479 84.7 14,656 11.7 0.4
construction in progress 1154 11,753 7.9 10,559 6.4 — 1,195 — 10.2 — 1.5
advances for capital construction and acquisition of property and equipment 1155 458 0.3 1,008 0.6 550 120.2 0.3
Investments 1170 898 0.6 2,605 1.6 1,707 190.2 1.0
Deferred tax assets 1180 980 0.7 3,343 2.0 2,363 241.2 1.4
Other non-current assets 1190 632 0.4 567 0.3 — 65 — 10.3 — 0.1
Total for Section I 1100 127,522 86.1 146,223 88.7 18,701 14.7 2.7
Inventory 1210 584 0.4 681 0.4 97 16.6 0.0
Value added tax according to purchased valuables 1220 495 0.3 941 0.6 447 90.3 0.2
Receivables, including: 1230 9,782 6.6 12,520 7.6 2,738 28.0 1.0
long-term receivables 1231 324 0.2 753 0.5 429 132.7 0.2
short-term receivables 1232 9,459 6.4 11,767 7.1 2,308 24.4 0.8
Investments (except cash equivalents) 1240 6,284 4.2 3,057 1.9 — 3,228 — 51.4 — 2.4
Cash and cash equivalents 1250 3,370 2.3 1,167 0.7 — 2,204 — 65.4 — 1.6
Other current assets 1260 82 0.1 181 0.1 99 120.2 0.1
Total for Section II 1200 20,598 13.9 18,547 11.3 — 2,051 — 10.0 — 2.7
Balance 1600 148,120 100.0 164,769 100.0 16,650 11.2
Authorized capital 1310 1,228 0.8 1,752 1.1 524 42.6 0.2
Revaluation of non-current assets 1340 51,433 34.7 51,259 31.1 — 174 — 0.3 — 3.6
Additional capital 1350 11,417 7.7 14,067 8.5 2,650 23.2 0.8
Reserve capital 1360 184 0.1 184 0.1
Retained profit (uncovered loss) 1370 12,078 8.2 4,178 2.5 — 7,900 — 65.4 — 5.6
Total for Section III 1300 76,341 51.5 71,441 43,4 — 4,900 — 6.4 — 8.2
Borrowings 1410 29,406 19.9 48,188 29.2 18,782 63.9 9.4
Deferred tax liabilities 1420 2,569 1.7 3,805 2.3 1,237 48.1 0.6
Other liabilities 1450 1,907 1.3 3,213 2.0 1,307 68.5 0.7
Total for Section IV 1400 33,881 22.9 55,207 33.5 21,326 62.9 10.6
Borrowings 1510 3,970 2.7 1,581 1.0 — 2,389 — 60.2 — 1.7
Payables 1520 32,918 22.2 32,570 19.8 — 348 — 1.1 — 2.5
Deferred income 1530
Estimated liabilities 1540 1,010 0.7 3,970 2.4 2,960 293.2 1.7
Total for Section V 1500 37,897 25.6 38,121 23.1 224 0.6 — 2.4
Balance 1700 148,120 100.0 164,769 100.0 16,650 11.2

Assets structure, %

СLiabilities structure, %

Non-current assets

As at 31 December 2014, non-current assets amounted to RUB 146,223 mln, or 88.7% of balance sheet total. Property and equipment (including construction in progress and advances for capital construction and acquisition of property and equipment) for the total amount of RUB 139,479 accounted for 84.7% of total assets and 95.4% of non-current assets.

The increase in non-current assets was due to expansion of the investment program, and commissioning and reconstruction of property and equipment during its implementation.

Long-term investments in the amount of RUB 2,605 mln accounted for 1.8% of non-current assets. Their growth by RUB 1,707 mln or 1.0% y-o-y was mainly caused by reflection of some debt investments as at 31 December 2014 in the amount of RUB 1,703.7 mln in the structure of long-term investments in accordance with accounting standards. Thus, RUB 3.5 mln were contributions to the authorized capital of PJSC FIC (the company was established on 18 November 2014 and registered by the decision of Interregional Inspection of the Federal Tax Service across St. Petersburg #15 on 21 November 2014. Its founders are JSC Research Center of UES (99%) and Lenenergo (1%)). In addition, long-term financial investments included the cost of shares of several issuers in total of RUB 898 mln (including provision for impairment of investments), among them CJSC Lenenergospetsremont, CJSC Kurortenergo, CJSC Tsarskoselskaya Energy Company, etc.

As at 31 December 2014 deferred tax assets in the amount of RUB 3,343 mln, or 2.0% of balance sheet total and other non-current assets in the amount of RUB 567 mln accounting for 0.3% of the Company’s assets were reflected in the balance sheet. This line of the balance sheet reflects a number of expenses relating to future periods (the cost of connection to networks of other organizations, insurance contracts, non-exclusive rights to use databases, license agreements, etc.).

Current assets

Current assets at the end of 2014 totaled RUB 18,547 mln, or 11.3% of balance sheet total, having decreased by RUB 2,051 mln, or 10.0% y-o-y.

The main share in the structure of current assets by the end of 2014 accounted for receivables — 67.5% of current assets, or RUB 12,520 mln.

Cash and short-term investments (bank deposits) in aggregate amount to RUB 4,223 mln and rank second in the structure of current assets accounting for 22.8% of their value. The most liquid assets include funds from additional issue and other funds to finance the investment and operating activities net of the provision for impairment of investments established in connection with the problems of Bank Tavrichesky.

Moreover, current assets reflect stocks, VAT on purchased assets and other current assets (VAT on advances for capital construction and acquisition of property and equipment).

Decrease in current assets by the end of 2014 was generally due to the decline in short-term investments (by RUB 3,228 mln) and cash (by RUB 2,204 mln which were used to finance the Company’s activities), whereas all other components of current assets grew to a lesser extent. Reduction of short-term investments was influenced by creation of provision for impairment of investments in Bank Tavrichesky.

Capital and reserves

Own sources of the Company’s assets in the amount of RUB 71,441 mln accounted for 43.4% of balance sheet total. The main share was revaluation of non-current assets (71.8 % of equity funds). Additional capital accounted for 19.7%, authorized capital — 2.5%, and total financial result (of previous years and the reporting year) — 5.8% of Section III Capital and Reserves.

Compared to 2013, capital and reserves dropped by RUB 4,900 mln, or 6.4 %, due to receiving by results of the reporting year of considerable uncovered loss totaling RUB 7,968 mln. The positive impact on the value of capital and reserves was rendered by records of the results of additional issue of shares resulting in the growth of the authorized and additional capital of the Company.

In 2014, there were no changes in the amount of reserve capital, and funds of the created reserve fund were not used in the reporting year.

In accordance with the Charter “the Company forms the reserve fund in the amount of fifteen (15) percent of the authorized capital. The amount of obligatory annual deductions to the reserve fund is not less than five (5) percent of net profit until the reserve fund reaches the established size. The reserve fund is intended to cover the Company’s losses in case of lack of other funds. The reserve fund cannot be used for other purposes”.

The size of reserve capital of Lenenergo at the end of 2014 amounts to RUB 184 mln, or 10.5% of the authorized capital, and will be brought to the size required by the Charter (15% of the authorized capital, or RUB 263 mln) through payments to the reserve capital of RUB 79 mln as a result of distribution of the net profit received by the Company in subsequent years (in 2014 Lenenergo received uncovered loss).


Liabilities of Lenenergo (sections IV and V of the balance sheet net of deferred tax liabilities, deferred income and estimated liabilities) as at 31 December 2014 amounted to RUB 85,553 mln, including:

  • long-term payables for RUB 3,213 mln, or 3.8% of liabilities;
  • long-term borrowings for RUB 48,188 mln (56.3%), including debt on the bonded loan placed in 2012, and liabilities on the par value on the exchange bonds of series BO-01 placed in Q2 2013 for the total amount of RUB 6,000 mln;
  • short-term borrowings (including debt on accrued but unpaid interest) for RUB 1,581 mln (1.8%);
  • short-term payables payable for RUB 32,570 mln (38.1%).

Non-current liabilities (section IV of the balance sheet) were the second largest after equity capital, the source of assets accounting for 32.2% of balance sheet total. They were generated for 87.3% due to the long-term borrowings in total amount of RUB 48,188 mln.

The increase in non-current liabilities by RUB 21,326 mln, or 62.9 % y-o-y was primarily due to the growth of debt on long-term borrowings.

Current liabilities accounted for 23.1% of the sources of assets. The greatest share in current liabilities accounted for short-term payables — 85.4% of total current liabilities, and 19.8% of all funding sources. Short-term payables decreased by RUB 348 mln, or 1.1% y-o-y.

As at 31 December 2014 (1.0% of all sources of assets) the following items were reflected in the structure of short-term borrowings:

  • the amount of debt on long-term borrowings transferred into current liabilities in accordance with the accounting requirements (as before their repayment there is less than one year) for RUB 1,400 mln;
  • accrued interest on the long-term and short-term borrowings in the amount of RUB 181 mln.

Short-term borrowings decreased by RUB 2,389 mln, or 60.2% relative to 31 December 2013 due to reduction of debt on the loans and credits included in current liabilities as at 31 December 2014.

However, the overall amount of debt (debt on long-term and short-term loans and credits, including arrears of interest) increased by RUB 16,393 mln, 49.1% y-o-y. Total payables (long-term and short-term) as at 31 December 2014 totaled RUB 35,784 mln, having increased by RUB 959 mln, or 2.8% y-o-y (see above).

Analysis of changes in receivables and payables

Analysis of changes in receivables, RUB mln
Indicator As at 31.12.2012 As at 31.12.2013 As at 31.12.2014
Receivables, including: 6,278 9,782 12,520
payments expected more than 12 months after the reporting date 201 324 753
buyers and customers 5 3 203
prepayments 118 33 4
other receivables 79 288 546
Payments expected within 12 months after the reporting date 6,076 9,459 11,767
buyers and customers 2,790 5,895 6,866
prepayments 256 540 1,051
other receivables 3,030 3,024 3,850

Total receivables of Lenenergo at the beginning of the reporting period amounted to RUB 13,887 mln, and as at 31.12.2013 — RUB 10,777 mln. Receivables net of provision for bad debts as at 31.12.2014 totaled RUB 12,520 mln, and as at 31.12.2013 — RUB 9,782 mln.

As at 31.12.2014 the provision for bad debts in the amount of RUB 1,367 mln was formed, including for doubtful receivables in the amount of RUB 1,367 mln (reflected in the balance sheet as reduction of receivables); advances for acquisition of plant and equipment amounted to RUB 114 mln (reflected in the balance sheet as non-current assets and as reduction of debt on prepayments).

The Company deals with pre-trial and judicial settlement of disagreements with contractors.

Throughout the year, uncollectible receivables in the amount of RUB 142 mln were written-off.

Analysis of changes in payables, RUB mln
Indicator As at 31.12.2012 As at 31.12.2013 As at 31.12.2014
The table shows total receivables including long-term receivables reflected on line 1450 of the balance sheet, and short-term receivables reflected on line 1520 of the balance sheet.Payables, including: 35,784 34,824 22,855
suppliers and contractors 19,039 14,030 6,517
debt on wages payable to employees 227 235 155
debt to government extrabudgetary funds 86 76 86
debt on taxes and fees 225 642 361
advances received 14,111 15,570 15,209
other payables 2,095 4,272 527

In 2014, payables increased by RUB 959 mln compared to 2013, and as at 31.12.2014 amounted to RUB 35,784 mln. The changes were as follows:

  • Debt on suppliers and contractors grew by RUB 5,009 mln in connection with the increase of arrears to construction companies by RUB 2,690 mln. Thus, arrears to repair companies decreased by RUB 72 mln.
  • Debt on advances received were RUB 1,459 mln below. Prepayments for technological connection account for 99.4% of the debt.
  • Debt on wages payable to employees dropped by RUB 8 mln.
  • Debt on taxes and fees decreased by RUB 417 mln.

Debt under the items “debt on wages payable to employees” and “debt on taxes and fees” is current.

Overdue accounts payable of Lenenergo in 2014 amounted to RUB 1,953 mln.

Overdue payables are attributable to prepayments on the contracts for technological connection to electric networks. Violation of the terms of performance of obligations by the Company was due to the fact that the connection of consumers to electric networks is carried out in conditions of shortage of capacity in St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region. In addition, the violation of the terms of performance of obligations was related to the long delay in the approval of permits for construction of power grid facilities and in some cases — to unfair execution of works on construction of grid facilities by the contractors engaged by the Company for implementation of activities on technological connection of subscribers, and non-fulfilment by subscribers of the specifications for connection.

Lenenergo on a continuous basis carries out work to reduce the amount of accumulated obligations under the contracts on technological connection to electric networks, including:

  • inventory of contracts and optimization of specifications to them;
  • analysis and preparation of measures for optimization of the suspensive conditions on the contracts, work with applicants in case of violation of their obligations under the contracts;
  • preparation and direction of notifications and supplementary agreements in order to minimize the risks arising from delayed performance of obligations on the connection of applicants.

Financial analysis

Key indicators of financial position
Indicator Unit 2012 2013 2014 2014 / 2013, p.p. (unless otherwise specified)

For reference:


Financial stability
Cost of net assets RUB mln 76,225 76,341 71,441 — 6.4% Order of the Ministry of Finance of Russia of 28 August 2014, # 84n
Level of overdue payables % 3.0 2.3 2.1 –0.2 Arrears/(Line 1400 + Line 1500 f.1)
Equity-assets ratio 0.59 0.52 0.43 Line 1300 f.1/Line 1700 f.1
Debt to equity ratio 1.42 1.06 0.77 (Line 1300 f.1)/(Line 1400+1500) (f.1)
Debt/EBITDA 2.86 2.96 4.88 (Line 1410 f.1 + Line 1510 f.1)/ EBITDA
Net debt/EBITDA 2.30 2.10 4.46 (Line 1410 f. 1 + Line 1510 f.1 — Line 1240 f.1 — Line 1250 f.1) / EBITDA
EBITDA margin % 26.83 28.27 22.82 — 5.44 (EBITDA / Sales revenue (Line 2110 f.2))x100%
Net profit margin % 2.87 1.06 — 17.82 — 18.88 (Line 2400 f.2/Sales revenue (Line 2110 f.2))x100%
ROTA on profit before tax % 1.65 1.04 — 5.62 — 6.66 (Profit before tax/Total assets) x 100%=[Line 2300 f.2/((Line 1600 f.1 report + Line 1600 f.1 base)/2)]x100%
ROE % 1.57 0.56 — 10.78 — 11.34 (Net profit/Equity capital) x100%= [Line 2400 f.2/((Line 1300 f.1 report+ Line 1300 f.1 base)/ 2)]x100%
Business activity
Assets turnover times 0.28 0.27 0.27 Line 2110 f.2/Line 1600 f.1
Receivables turnover times 5.78 4.08 3.57 Line 2110 f.2/(Line 1230 — Line 123204) f.1
Payables turnover times 1.44 1.05 1.10 Line 2120 f.2/(Line 1450 + Line 1520) f.1
Receivables and payables growth rates ratio times 0.84 1.01 1.29

GRR= Line 1230 f.1 report/Line 1230 f.1 base

GRP= Line 1520 f.1 report/Line 1520 f.1 base

GRR/GRP = (Line 1230 f.1 report/Line 1230 f.1 base) /

(Line 1520 f.1 report/Line 1520 f.1 base)

Total receivables and payables ratio times 0.27 0.28 0.35 Line 1230 f.1/(Line 1450 f.1 + Line 1520 f.1)
Most liquid receivables and payables ratio times 0.84 0.49 0.51 (Line 123201 f.1+ Line 123206 f.1)/ (Line 1521 f.1+ Line 1528 f.1)
Cash ratio 0.21 0.25 0.11

(Cash and cash equivalents + Short-term investments) / Current liabilities =

(Line 1240 f.1+ Line 1250 f.1)/Line 1500 f.1

Quick ratio 0.45 0.51 0.42

(Cash and cash equivalents + Short-term investments + Receivables less than 12 months + Other current assets)/

Current liabilities =

(Line 1260 f.1+ Line 1250 f.1+ Line 1240 f.1+ Line 1232 f.1)/ Line 1500 f.1

Current ratio 0.49 0.54 0.49 Current assets / Current liabilities = Line 1200 f.1/Line 1500 f.1

Dynamics of net assets, total assets and authorized capital

As a result of the deterioration of the financial result received by the end of 2014, the amount of net assets of Lenenergo reduced y-o-y. At the same time, continuing significant excess (at 40.8-fold) of net assets over the authorized capital fully meets the requirements of normative acts to the value of net assets and can be regarded as the main factor of stability of the Company’s financial position in the present conditions and for the future.

Dynamics of net assets to total assets, RUB mln

At the year-end, the share of equity capital accounted for 43.4% of balance sheet total of Lenenergo. A significant share of equity on the balance sheet indicates a relatively high level of financial independence of the Company, despite the growth of liabilities. Thereto, the most stable liabilities (equity capital and non-current liabilities) together account for 76.9% of balance sheet total.

Deterioration of financial stability (equity-assets ratio, debt to equity ratio, Debt/EBITDA) relative to 2013 was due to the increase in arrears of loans and credits attracted mainly to finance the investment program at simultaneous deterioration of the financial result.

Profitability and business activity

Profitability indicators

In 2014, the profitability indicators of Lenenergo (except EBITDA margin) take negative values due to the loss of Company’s activities in 2014.

The decrease in EBITDA margin, reflecting the amount of EBITDA per each ruble of revenue earned by the Company in 2014, due to the mixed changes in EBITDA (decrease) and revenue (growth). ROE reflects the amount of profit earned by its owners per each ruble invested in the Company.

Its decrease y-o-y was also attributable to the deterioration of financial results of Lenenergo.

The main negative impact on profitability in 2014 was provided by creation of provision for impairment of investments in connection with the problems of Bank Tavrichesky and expenses on creation of provision for estimated liabilities on existing disagreements with third-party grid organizations.

Indicators of business activity

Receivables turnover reflects the rate at which buyers (debtors) pay off their obligations to the Company. By the end of 2014 it was 3.57 times and decreased by 0.51 p.p. y-o-y. Thus, payables turnover increased by 0.05 p.p.

The length of payables turnover characterizes the average length of a grace period provided to the Company by its suppliers. In 2014, the length of receivables turnover was significantly lower than the length of payables turnover.

Total receivables and payables ratio grew by 0.07 p.p. by the end of 2014 due to the excess of the growth rate of receivables relative to the growth rate of payables.

At the same time, in 2014 the indicator characterizing most liquid receivables and payables ratio did not essentially change and the increase amounted to only 0.02 p.p.

Liquidity and solvency

The values of cash, quick and current ratios by the end of 2014 reduced. This was due to the decrease in the amount of current assets at a simultaneous increase of current liabilities.

In terms of economic instability in the country and the uncertainty in the financial markets achievement by Lenenergo of positive results from its operating activities and increase of its investment appeal is becoming particularly urgent. This comprises:

  • development and implementation of the costs management program;
  • tender procedures for the assignment of the President of the Russian Federation on reduction of expenses on acquisition of goods, work and services per unit of production by at least 10% a year for three years in real terms in the prices of 2010;
  • annual development and implementation of the Program of energy saving and increase of power efficiency;
  • implementation of the Company’s obligations on technological connection of subscribers;
  • formation of the actual prices for services on other activities;
  • negotiations with the aim of attracting additional financing on favorable terms, implementation of work on the optimization of the credit portfolio, including reducing the cost of attracted credits;
  • development and implementation of a set of anti-crisis measures aimed at ensuring break-even activity on electricity transmission and improving performance indicators as a whole;
  • the Company has approved and executed the innovative development program for 2011-2016 to ensure modernization and technological development of the Company, reliability of power supply and increase of its economic efficiency.

Credit policy

For the purpose of financing the investment program and refinancing its debt the Company applies all available methods to attract borrowings: bank loans and bonds (corporate and exchange). The decisions on attraction of extra financial resources are based on the principle of providing lower cost of funding along with increased terms of borrowings.

For the purpose of financing the investment program and refinancing its debt the Company applies all available methods to attract borrowings: bank loans and bonds (corporate and exchange). The decisions on attraction of extra financial resources are based on the principle of providing lower cost of funding along with increased terms of borrowings.

Lenenergo activities in the field of attraction of credit resources are carried out in accordance with the Regulations on credit policy approved by the Board of Directors (Minutes #8 of 11 October 2013), the limits of borrowings’ cost parameters approved by the Board of Directors and the approved Business plan. In accordance with the specified documents, the Company has introduced the system of limits on the amount of borrowings enabling to forecast the solvency of the Company, and the powers of management for making financial decisions in the field of crediting have been established.

After calculation of the compliance of Lenenergo debt position to the limits of the debt position established in the Regulations on credit policy, the group of solvency (A, B or C) is defined, that also affects the powers of management for making financial decisions in the field of crediting. The limits of borrowings’ cost parameters are defined based on the refinancing rate, the term of loan and availability of collateral for the date of borrowings.

Key indicators of debt policy
Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2014 / 2013, %

For reference:


Equity capital, RUB mln 76,225 76,341 71,441 — 6.4 Line 1300 f.1
Loan capital, RUB mln, including: 53,694 71,779 93,329 30.0 Line 1400 + Line 1500 f.1
loans and credits 27,789 33,376 49,769 49.1 Line 1410 + Line 1510 f.1
payables 22,855 34,824 35,784 2.8 Line 1450 + Line 1520 f.1
Debt to equity ratio 1.42 1.06 0.77 - Line 1300/(Line 1400 + Line 1500) f.1
Debt/EBITDA 2.86 2.96 4.88 - (Line 1410 + Line 1510) f.1/EBITDA
Net debt, RUB mln 22,360 23,722 45,546 92.0% Line 1410 + Line 1510 — Line 1240 — Line 1250 f.1
Net debt/EBITDA 2.30 2.10 4.46 - (Line 1410 + Line 1510 — Line 1240 — Line 1250 f.1) / EBITDA
Interest payable, RUB mln 1,788 2,217 2,766 24.8 Line 2330 of PLS
EBITDA/Interest payable 5.44 5.09 3.69 - EBITDA / Line 2330 of PLS
For reference:
EBITDA, RUB mln 9,733 11,279 10,207 — 9.5 Line 2400 f.2+ Line 2330 f.2 + Depreciation + Profit tax f.2 — Line 2320 f.2 + Creation of provision for impairment of debt investments

In 2012-2014, there has been a steady growth both of the Company’s debt (its arrears of loans and credits) and net debt. Borrowings were attracted to finance the Company’s investment activity, and for refinancing.

Net debt, RUB mln

By the end of 2014, Debt/EBITDA increased by 1.92 y-o-y to 4.88 due to the increase in arrears of loans and credits, while the value of EBITDA declined in the terms of deteriorating financial results of the Company.

Debt, RUB mln

Долг, млн руб.

Net debt/EBITDA also increased compared with the beginning of the year due to the increase in the amount of net debt (driven by the growth of debt at a simultaneous decrease in the most liquid assets), while EBITDA reduced in 2014.

Debt maturity profile, RUB mln

Attracted funds profile, RUB mln

Average interest rate of borrowing in dynamics, %
Indicator 2012 2013 2014 2014 /2013, p.p.
Average weighted rate of borrowing on all funds (including bonded loans) 8.26 8.14 9.51 1.37
Average weighted rate of borrowing on bank credits 8.23 8.09 9.67 1.58
Refinancing rate of the Central Bank of Russia 8.25 8.25 8.25 0.00

Dynamics of the average weighted interest rate on borrowings by the end of 2014 was characterized by the tendency to increase in terms of the rates growth under existing contracts and deterioration of the situation on the capital market in general.

Loan portfolio changes in 2014, RUB mln
Type of borrowings Loan portfolio as at 01 January 2014


in 2014


in 2014

Loan portfolio as at 31 December 2014
Credits 33,219 22,682 6,313 49,588
Interest on credits 157 3,576 3,551 181
Total 33,376 26,258 9,865 49,769

Loan portfolio changes on the sum of principal debt, RUB mln

Accrued and paid interest bridge, RUB mln

Main bank creditors of Lenenergo, %

In 2014, the increase in the loan portfolio was driven by the growth of borrowings attracted to finance investment activities.

Credit rating
Agency Rating Assignment date Forecast Rating action
International scale Probability of default National scale
Moody’s Investors Service/Moody’s Interfax Ba2 Ba2-PD 18 November 2009 Stable

7 February 2014

3 April 2014

On review for downgrade 23 December 2014
Negative 25 March 2015

In November 2009, the international rating agency Moody’s assigned Lenenergo long-term credit rating on the international scale at Ba2 (stable), and on the national scale — at (stable). On 7 February 2014, the rating agency affirmed the ratings of Rosseti and Lenenergo and other rated companies of the Group with stable outlook. This stand-alone credit profile of the Company is estimated by the Agency at Ba3, and one level to the rating the agency gives for the probability of providing the Company timely support from the state through its primary shareholder. On 3 April 2014, the agency despite the revision of outlooks on the ratings of many Russian grid companies affirmed the credit ratings of Lenenergo on the same level at Ba2 and preserved the stable outlook. In its reports for 2014, the agency notes the strategic importance of the Company’s presence in the region. In addition, Moody’s views positively the prospects of development of the Company and the ability of Lenenergo to preserve financial stability in the volatile environment.

Against the backdrop of escalation of the situation in Ukraine, deterioration of macroeconomic indicators, a sharp drop in oil prices and devaluation of the national currency, Moody’s has repeatedly revised the credit ratings of the Russian Federation and major Russian companies in 2014. On 23 December 2014 Moody’s put the credit ratings of Lenenergo and other 44 Russian non-financial organizations on review for downgrade. This decision was made following the lowering by Moody’s of the ceiling on non-sovereign ratings of the Russian Federation by one notch.

However, stand-alone credit profile of Lenenergo has remained at the same level.

In addition, on 27 March 2014 Standard & Poor’s has assigned Rosseti long-term credit rating of BBB- on the international scale and ruAAA on the national scale.

At the same time, according to the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, the outlook of the sovereign credit rating assigned by Moody’s is unduly conservative, since the pessimism of Moody’s forecasts surpasses the estimates of all other financial organizations (including IMF, World Bank and international banks), and provided information about the anti-crisis decisions of the Government of the Russian Federation was not considered by Moody’s.

Events after the reporting date

On 25 March 2015, Moody’s confirmed the credit ratings of Lenenergo at Ba2 on the international scale, Aa2.Ru on the national scale, and probability of default — Ba2-PD. The negative outlook on the rating of Lenenergo is caused by a similar outlook on the sovereign rating of the Russian Federation, as well as by generally pessimistic estimates of the agency regarding the economic situation in Russia in short- and medium-term.

Forecast of financial results

The forecast of financial results of Lenenergo is based on the financial-economic model of the Company’s development in 2015-2019 (formed at the time of drafting the Annual Report).

Scenario conditions for the financial-economic model of the Company’s development in 2015-2019

  • Mid-annual growths of joint-operations tariffs for electricity transmission in 2016-2019 are formed based on the growths of tariffs for different groups of customers. Thus, the growths of electricity transmission tariffs for the consumer group “Population” for 2016-2019 are adopted in accordance with the social and economic development of the Russian Federation in 2015 and the planning period of 2016 and 2017, developed by the Ministry of economic development. The growths of electricity transmission tariffs for the consumer group “Other” in 2016-2019 are formed on the basis of forecasted models of regulators with regard to excess of the growth levels of electricity transmission tariffs set by the Government of the Russian Federation which is acceptable for St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region in accordance with the clause stipulated by the Forecast of social and economic development of Russia for 2015 and the planned period of 2016 and 2017;
  • Electricity losses are planned with regard to the decrease in relative size of electricity losses by 2017 from the actual indicators of 2012;
  • Decrease in Operating expenses is planned with regard to inflation concerning the level of 2012 per unit of electrical equipment service (in accordance with the development Strategy of the power grid complex of the Russian Federation approved by Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 03.04.2013, #511-R);
  • Dividends are planned in the amount of at least 25% of the planned Net profit (under RAS);
  • The investment program is formed with regard to the financial and economic position of the Company;
  • Specific investment costs are planned with regard to the decrease by 30% till 2017 concerning the level of 2012 (in RUB per physical unit (km, MVA)) according to the development Strategy of the power grid complex of the Russian Federation approved by Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 03.04.2013, #511-R, and the long-term development program of the power grid complex.
    • In general, when making the forecast of its performance the Company considered the impact of adverse macroeconomic conditions and liquidity shortage at its basic bank, crisis phenomena in the assessment of current and forecasted demand for services, business slowdown and fall in investment activity in the regions of its presence, and tariff and balance decisions approved by the regional regulators for 2015.

      Key forecasted financials
      Indicator Unit 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2019/2014, % (unless otherwise specified)

      For reference:


      Fact Plan Forecast Forecast Forecast Forecast
      Book value of assets RUB mln 164,769 162,661 161,512 170,125 182,176 19, 401 18.0 Line 1600 f.1
      Equity capital RUB mln 71,441 65,320 70,762 77,198 86,461 96,936 35.7 Line 1300 of BS
      Net assets RUB mln 71,441 65,900 70,762 77,198 86,461 96,936 35.7

      Order #84n

      of 28 August 2014

      of the Ministry of Finance of Russia

      Debt for the period end RUB mln 49,769 49,854 49,045 50,887 52,416 53,889 8.3 Line 1410 + Line 1510
      Net debt RUB mln 45,546 47,837 47,855 50,679 52,191 53,527 17.5 Line 1410 + Line 1510 —Line 1240 — Line 1250 (f.1)
      Sales revenue, including: RUB mln 44,722 44,159 58,735 67,396 77,467 85,709 91.6 Line 2110 of PLS
      from electricity transmission RUB mln 36,261 40,330 50,264 60,092 70,568 80,882 123.1
      from technological connections RUB mln 8,249 3,643 8,278 7,103 6,692 4,616 –44.0 — 
      from other services RUB mln 212 186 193 201 207 211 –0.2
      Cost RUB mln 39,257 44,656 47,175 51,340 55,922 60,018 52.9 Line 2120 of PLS
      Sales profit RUB mln 5,466 –497 11,560 16,055 21,545 25,691 370.1 Line 2200 (f. 2)
      Profit before tax RUB mln –8,793 –6,121 7,695 10,708 14,978 17,568 299.8 Line 2300 (f. 2)
      Net profit RUB mln –7,968 –6,121 5,443 7,796 11,212 13,278 266.6 Line 2400 (f. 2)
      The forecast of EBITDA starting from 2015 is calculated as Net profit + Profit tax + Depreciation + Interest payable.EBITDA RUB mln 10,207 8,356 23,674 27,707 34,190 39,310 285.1 Net profit + Profit tax + Depreciation + Interest payable — Interest receivable + Creation of provision for impairment of debt investments
      The forecast of EBITDA starting from 2015 is calculated as Net profit + Profit tax + Depreciation + Interest payable.EBITDA margin % 22.8 18.9 40.3 41.1 44.1 45.9 +23.0 p.p. (EBITDA/Sales revenue (Line 2110 f. 2)) x 100%
      The forecast of EBITDA starting from 2015 is calculated as Net profit + Profit tax + Depreciation + Interest payable.Net debt/EBITDA 4.46 5.72 2.02 1.83 1.53 1.36 –3.10 p.p. (Line 1410 + Line 1510 — Line 1240 — Line 1250 f.1)/EBITDA
      The forecast of EBITDA starting from 2015 is calculated as Net profit + Profit tax + Depreciation + Interest payable.Debt/EBITDA 4.88 5.97 2.07 1.84 1.53 1.37 –3.51 p. (Line 1410 f.1 + Line 1510 f.1) / EBITDA
      ROE % –10.78 –8.95 8.00 10.54 13.70 14.48 +25.26 p.p. [Line 2400 f.2/((Line 1300 f.1 report +Line 1300 f.1 base)/2)] x 100%
      ROTA on profit before tax % –5.62 –3.74 4.75 6.46 8.50 9.33 +14.95 p.p. [Line 2300 f.2/((Line 1600 f.1 report+ Line 1600 f.1 base)/2)] x 100%
      Cash ratio 0.111 0.035 0.022 0.004 0.004 0.010 –0.101 p.p.

      (Line 1240 f.1 + Line 1250 f.1) /

      Line 1500 f.1

      Quick ratio 0.42 0.23 0.20 0.20 0.19 0.29 –0.14 p.p. (Line 1260 f.1+ Line 1250 f.1+ Line 1240 f.1 + Line 1232 f.1)/Line 1500 f.1
      Current ratio 0.49 0.27 0.24 0.24 0.23 0.34 –0.15 p.p. Line 1200 f.1/Line 1500 f.1
      Equity-assets ratio 0.43 0.40 0.44 0.45 0.47 0.50 +0.07 p.p. Line 1300 f.1/Line 1700 f.1
      Working capital financed by equity to total assets ratio –1.10 –2.80 –3.22 –3.12 –3.38 –1.98 –0.89 p.p. Current assets — Receivables over 12 months — Current liabilities)/ Current assets (Line 1200 f.1 — Line 1231 f.1 — Line 1500 f.1)/Line 1200 f. 1
      Debt to equity ratio 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0 +0.2 p.p. (Line 1300) / (Line 1700) (f.1)
      Receivables and payables growth rates ratio 1.29 0.84 1.00 1.00 0.97 1.02 –0.27 p.p.

      GRR= Line 1230 f.1 report/Line 1230 f. 1 base

      GRP= Line 1520 f. 1 report/Line 1520 f. base

      GRR / GRP= (Line 1230 f.1 report/Line 1230 f.1 base)/

      (Line 1520 f.1 report/ Line 1520 f.1 base)

      Total receivables and payables ratio 0.35 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.29 0.30 –0.05 p.p. Line 1230/ (Line 1520 + Line 1450 of BS)
      Most liquid receivables and payables ratio 0.51 0.46 0.48 0.46 0.43 0.45 –0.06 p.p. (Line 123201 f.1+ Line 123206 f.1)/ (Line 1521 f.1+ Line 1528 f.1)
      Leverage % 41.1 43.3 40.9 39.7 37.7 35.7 –5.3 p.p. (Line 1410 + Line 1510) / (Line 1410 + Line 1510 + Line 1300) (f.1)

      By 2019, Lenenergo plans to improve its financial position as evidenced by the positive dynamics of the majority of key performance indicators

      The revenue growth in 2019 compared to 2014 is expected at the level of 91.6% (1.92 times), substantially outpacing the growth rates of cost (1.53 times). A significant growth of revenue from electricity transmission in 2014-2019 (in 2.23 times) is thus predicted with a decrease in revenue from technological connections (44.0%). In 2014-2019, the share of technological connections in revenue is estimated to drop from 18.4% in 2014 to 5.4% in 2019.

      Key performace indicators according to the long-term financial-economic model of the Company’s development, RUB mln

      In the next five years, a gradual increase in EBITDA to RUB 39,310 mln in 2019 is forecasted with a parallel growth of EBITDA margin to 45.9% in 2019, which positively characterizes the financial position and performance results of the Company.

      Thus, the share of net profit in the structure of EBITDA at the end of 2019 will increase to 33.8% (by the end of 2014 financial result of the Company was negative and has had a downward effect on the value of EBITDA), which is a positive feature of the Company’s financial position.

      Revenue by core types of activity, RUB mln

      Revenue by core types of activity

      Dynamics of EBITDA and EBITDA margin, RUB mln

      Dynamics of EBITDA and EBITDA margin

      Significant improvement of financial results by 2019 is due to the essential growth of revenue from electricity transmission. Equity capital will also increase by 35.7%, and in 2019 ROE will reach its maximum value of 14.48% throughout 2014-2019.

      Dynamics of ROE is characterized by a steady growth trend throughout the considered period, and since 2016 the value of equity will also grow.

      Dynamics of equity capitaland ROE, RUB mln

      Dynamics of equity capitaland ROE

      The indicators of Debt to equity ratio (total liabilities) for 2014-2019 are slightly below 1, and Equity-assets ratio is less than 0.5, however exceeding the value traditionally recommended in world practice, at the level of 0.4 (40%). By the end of the reporting period Equity-assets ratio will improve and in 2019 it will reach 0.50 p.

      Dynamics of Debt to equity ratio, RUB mln

      Dynamics of Debt to equity ratio

      The range of changes in the Company’s loan portfolio for 2014-2019 is insignificant. By the end of 2019, the growth in debt to the level of 2014 is 8.3%. In 2015-019, credit resources are involved for implementation of the investment program and refinancing.

      Since the dynamics of EBITDA in 2015-2019 is characterized by a steady growth trend (though the volume of the loan portfolio changes to a lesser extent) starting from 2016, Debt/EBITDA shall not exceed 3.0 and by 2019 it decreases down to 1.37 p.

      Dynamics of debt and Debt/EBITDA, RUB mln

      Dynamics of debt and Debt/EBITDA

      The dynamics of Leverage in 2019 is characterized by a downward trend in terms of the advancing growth of equity capital to the debt.

      Net assets for 2014-2019 remain within the recommended standard values, namely at the level considerably exceeding the amount of the authorized capital.

      Dynamics of net and total assets, RUB mln

      Dynamics of net and total assets

      Overall, the financial position of Lenenergo in 2019 compared to 2014 will improve, including due to the positive financial results from electricity transmission activities in the amount of RUB 9,616 mln against the loss from this type of activity received by the end of 2014.